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Madison, Lake County, Ohio

As many of the Kent family lived in Madison, Ohio I felt it would be appropriate to to post this history of Madison.
Madison Village
In 1789, a man named Chapin arrived in the area. He cleared land just east of what now is the Village and named the area Chapintown. However, he soon moved not liking the area, and in 1800, this Town became Centerville. Nine families lived inside its boundaries in 1810. In March of 1811, Commissioners declared Centerville, a part of Geauga County, to be a separate entity called Madison. Early surveyors knew the area as Township Number Eleven and it was later named for President James Madison. On March 6, 1840, Lake County was formed with a population of 13,719 (2,800 of whom lived in the Madison area). Madison Village became incorporated in 1867. In 1865, the Village organized as a special school district.

Madison Township
Madison Township was organized in 1811 and named for the incumbent President of the United States, James Madison. Iron ore was discovered in the swamps near North Ridge Road. This bog iron was easy to mine and charcoal could be produced from the local hardwoods, so iron furnaces became one of the most important early industries. The blast furnaces were powered by steam power. The local company, Arcole Furnace, was said to be the largest industry in Ohio in 1834, producing between 1,000 and 1,500 tons of iron per year. This boon for the Unionville and Madison economy was the establishment of a pig iron furnace at the lake shore near present-day Dock Road. The Arcole Furnace operated for at least 20 years before the iron deposits ran out in the 1850s.
A small port at the mouth of Cunningham Creek served as a shipping port for the goods produced at Arcole Furnace. A small community called Ellensburg flourished at the port, along with fishing and boat building businesses. Company store, a boarding house, and over 200 log cabins made this area the second largest in Lake County in 1835, ranked just behind Painesville, which was much larger than Cleveland. A private Seminary offered higher education to the eastern part of the County, opening in 1874. The Unionville Tavern at the corner of South Ridge and County Line Roads has been operating since 1789. This became a stop in the Underground Railroad, which saw many instances of residents helping the runaways to find their way to Canada. A famous incident involving Milton Clarke, a slave from Kentucky, led Harriet Beecher Stowe to base one of her characters in her book "Uncle Tom's Cabin" on him. Except for the two decades when the iron industry was the dominant business, agriculture has always been the most important industry in Madison. Farms were large and prosperous due to the good soil, favorable climate, and tempering effects of Lake Erie

(This information borrowed from and edited by George Kent)